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Reference MSS.2001-2025 and 6054-6060
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Level Collection
Extent 25 volumes, 5 files and 1 framed document
Title Cyriax, Edgar Ferdinand (1874-1955)
Date 1887-1948
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Name Cyriax, Edgar Ferdinand (1874-1955)
Description The material focuses chiefly upon bibliography, comprising notes on writings about gymnastics and manipulative treatment, and Cyriax's collations of authors cited in various works on the subject. In addition to this there are some writings upon manipulative treatment itself and related issues (MSS.2001, 2006-2007), a syllabus of lectures to be delivered by Cyriax at the Central Institute for Swedish Gymnastics (MS.6054), writings on massage by authors other than Cyriax (MSS.6056-6059) and an acknowledgement by the Museum of Practical Geology for specimens presented by another member of the Cyriax family (MS.6060). In English and Swedish, with a small amount of material in French and German.
Arrangement Material within the block MSS.2001-2025 is held in chronological order of composition. The arrangement within the block 6054-6060 is thematic, moving from material on Cyriax's own practice, through Cyriax's notes on gymnastic writings and then copies of other individuals' writings, to a document (on geological specimens) that is not related to gymnastics at all.
Historical Background Edgar Ferdinand Cyriax was born in 1874 and was originally Swedish. He was the son-in-law of [Jonas] Henrik Kellgren, who was an important figure in the late-nineteenth century spread of Swedish remedial gymnastics and massage to other parts of Europe. He obtained his M.D. at Edinburgh in 1901 and later graduated at the Kungliga Gymnastika Central Institut at Stockholm. Like Kellgren, Cyriax based himself in London, where in addition to practicing he studied the bibliography and history of manipulative treatment. He lectured in physiology at the Central Institute for Swedish Gymnastics, London. At his death in 1955 he left a large collection of books, pamphlets and papers on the subject. See British Medical Journal 1955, i, pp. 545-546.
Custodial History Following Cyriax's death in 1955 this material and the rest of his collection of material on medical gymnastics was presented by his family to the Royal Society of Medicine.
Acquisition Details Purchased from the Royal Society of Medicine in 1956.
Accession Number 303950
Access Status Open
Access Conditions The papers are available subject to the usual conditions of access to Archives and Manuscripts material.
Reproduction Conditions Images are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner.
Language English
Language Swedish
Language German
Language French
Finding Aids Database description transcribed from S.A.J. Moorat, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts on Medicine and Science in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1962-1973) and Richard Palmer, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Wellcome Library for the History & Understanding of Medicine: Western Manuscripts 5120-6244 (London: The Wellcome Library for the History & Understanding of Medicine, 1999).
Related Material

In the Wellcome Library:

MSS.5406-5409 and 7869-7872 comprise papers of Cyriax's father-in-law, [Jonas] Henrik Kellgren (also a practitioner of Swedish medical gymnastics and manipulative treatment); MS.3348 comprises a work on Swedish medical gymnastics by Amalia Lundgren; and MSS.5027-5028 works on the same subject by Anna Justina Augusta Wilson. All these were acquired by the Wellcome Library with Edgar Cyriax's papers. Collection GC/6 comprises papers of Allan Broman, Kellgren's one-time assistant.

Relevant Publications "Medical gymnastics and the Cyriax Collection" by Sarah Bakewell (Medical History, Vol. 41, 1997) sets out the history of the Cyriax collection and gives background information on the history of gymnastics.
Subject Foot
Subject Exercise Therapy
Subject Massage
Subject Physiology
Subject Gymnastics
Subject Musculoskeletal Manipulations
Subject Physical Therapy Modalities
MaterialType Archives - Non-digital
System No. 68b05395-3a55-4a0b-aeb2-e156f9861c79